What are the steps of designing a website and how to create one?

Designing a web page is not an easy job. The job is very creative, but also a challenging one. Let’s first explain the difference between web design, web development, and programming. Web designers are the people who work on a visual project of a page using mostly programs such as Photoshop, Sketch or Adobe Illustrator. Then, the visual project in PSD document is handed over to a front-end developer who brings a page to life by writing a code. This involves the knowledge of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Next, the back-end developers work on the website to make it functional. This requires knowing languages such as PHP, Python or Ruby.

Here are some suggestions on how to design a website:

1. The design project

Before you jump into Photoshop, think of a plan. Gather all information about your customer requirements. Make yourself familiar with the subject of a page you are going to design. Browse the Internet for some inspirations. Sketch the framework of the page on a piece of paper. Try to include as many details as possible. Then, open a Photoshop and start designing. Remember to add a grid. This will help you to structure the layout of different sections. Next, choose a color theme and a typography. The font you choose should be big enough and simple to read in most cases. The color theme is very important as it should correspond with the brand of a company.

2. Working on details

Divide your layout. The page should be user-friendly and easy to navigate. The most important components on the page should be underlined. Think of all small details on your design. These may seem irrelevant to you, but they actually matter. Add a bit of an innovation to your design. You may consider using a gradient for buttons, adding a stroke around a box or creating a small animation. All these things make the page more attractive.

3. Re-evaluation of work

Try to prepare the worst case scenario for your work. Bear in mind that users browse sites using different screens, so plan your design to fit smaller screen sizes. Share your concept with a client as soon as possible to ensure that you both are on the same page when it comes to a design. Once the initial project is accepted, you can polish the details.

4. Translating a PSD document into a code

Once the website is done, you can hand it over to a front-end developer who will turn your PSD document into a working website. The front-end developer needs to have a range of skills for completing the job. He needs to know HTML, CSS, and JavaScript very well. The person working in this field should be familiar with Photoshop on a decent level. They do not need to be proficient though. It would be enough to know how to resize, crop, or edit an image. The front-end developers should also know one of the content management systems (CMS) such as WordPress, Drupal or Joomla. There are also other choices, but these three are the most popular ones from which WordPress is the biggest one.

5. What happens next?

This is where back-end developers come into play. The designed website needs to be made functional now. The back end developers need to have a good knowledge of the programming languages such as PHP, Ruby or Python. They should understand how HTML, CSS and JavaScript languages work for a better communication with front-end developers. They should have a knowledge of security compliance and an experience with version control such as Git.


As I previously stated, designing a good website is not an easy job, but definitely a rewarding one. The work is usually done in a team environment. There are, however, skilled individuals who can create a website on their own. They need to master all of the above-mentioned skills to do the job. These people usually work as freelancers or have their own companies. What do you think of a web development field? Are you interested in pursuing your career in this field? If so, are you willing to learn a front-end development, back-end development, web design or perhaps all of them?

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